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هنر صلح - فرهنگ اصطلاحات آیکیدو

The Art of Peace

فرهنگ اصطلاحات آیکیدو

نویسنده :هاشم مرادمند
تاریخ:دوشنبه 16 اسفند 1395-07:55 ق.ظ


اصطلاحات آیکیدو به دلیل آنکه به زبان ژاپنی هستند برای تازه کاران نامفهومند اما با گذشت زمان و استمرار این مشکل مرتفع خواهد گردید. در ادامه، فرهنگ اصطلاحات آیکیدو به همراه توضیحی مختصر تقدیم میگردد.

A

ai harmony, unity, blending

aihanmi basic relation between partners: both have same foot forward (left or right), compare gyakuhanmi

aihanmi katatedori wrist grip, right on right or left on left, also called kosadori, compare gyakuhanmi katatedori

aiki blending/uniting one's ki with that of the partner

aikibatto sword exercises, solo or pair

aikibudo budo based on the aiki principle, earlier name for aikido

aikido the way through the life energy to harmony/unity

aikidoka one who does aikido, specifically on an advanced or professional level

aikido toho Nishio sensei's iaido school

Aikijinja the aikido temple in Iwama

aikijo aikido jo-staff exercises

aikijutsu name on the Daito ryu Martial art, also called aikijujutsu

Aikikai organization and "label" for Ueshiba's aikido

aikiken aikido sword exercises

aikinage aiki-throw, throwing technique

aiki no michi aikido (michi=do)

aikiotoshi aiki-drop, throwing technique

aikitaiso aikido warm-up exercises

aite partner in training

arigato thanks

arigato gozaimasu thanks for something going on

arigato gozaimashita thanks for something completed

ashi leg, foot

ate hit, strike

atemi strike to the body

awase harmonizing/blending movement

ayumiashi altering steps, left and right, like normal walking




B

barai/harai parry, ward off

batto draw the sword, also called nuki

bo staff, longer than the jo

bokken wooden training sword

bokuto same as bokken

bu war, battle, fight

budo the way of war/battle, the Japanese Martial arts

budoka one who does any budo, specifically on an advanced or professional level

bugei battle art, old term

bukiwaza weapons training

bushi warrior

bushido the way of the warrior


C

chado tea ceremony

chikara force/strength

choku direct

chokutsuki direct strike with the jo

chudan middle, compare jodan and gedan

chudan kamae guard position with a weapon at belly height

chudan tsuki strike at belly/solar plexus, with weapon or empty hand

chukyusha continuing student, with a mid-level kyu grade (jämför jokyusha)


D

dai big, also o

daisho sword pair, the long and the short sword

Daito ryu aikijutsu school

dame wrong, bad

dan level, black belt grade in budo

dao/tao transcribation of the Chinese word for way, do

deshi student

do way, also michi

dogi training dress, also keikogi

do-in self massage tradition

dojo training hall

dojo cho head of a training hall

doka poem about the way

domo much

domo arigato gozaimas thank you so much, for something going on

domo arigato gozaimashita thank you so much, for something completed

dori take, catch, grab

dosa movement

doshu way leader, head of a budo

dozo please/by all means


E

embukai public demonstration

empi strike with elbow

eri neck, collar

eridori collar grip by the neck


F

fukushidoin assisting instructor, title for aikido teacher, 2-3 dan, compare shidoin and shihan

funakogi undo, rowing exercise, also called torifune

furitama exercise to still ki

futaridori/futarigake two attackers


G

gaeshi/kaeshi returning, reversed

gamae/kamae guard, basic position

gasshuku training camp, lodging together

gedan low, compare jodan and chudan

gedanbarai low block

geiko/keiko training

geri kick

gi dress

giri/kiri cut

go five

gokyo fifth teaching, pinning technique

gomen nasai excuse me

Gorin no sho Book of Five Rings, by Miyamoto Musashi

gotai hard body, static training, compare jutai, ryutai and kinagare

gyaku reverse, opposite

gyakuhanmi basic relation between partners: they have opposite foot forward, compare aihanmi

gyakuhanmi katatedori wrist grip, right on left or left on right, compare aihanmi katatedori

gyakutsuki strike with opposing arm and leg forward, compare oitsuki


H

hachi eight

Hagakure Hiding the Leaves, classic samurai book from the 18th century

hai yes

hajime begin

hakama traditional wide pants, used in aikido

handachi half standing

hanmi half body

hanmi gamae angled guard position

hanmi handachiwaza sitting versus standing

hanshi title in kendo, from 8th dan

hantai opposed

happo eight directions, compare shiho

hara stomach

harai/barai sweep away, parry

harakiri cut belly, ritual suicide, also called seppuku

hassogaeshi jo-staff technique

hasso gamae guard with weapon at shoulder level

henkawaza, changing techniques, variations on basic techniques, also shifting from one technique to another

hidari left (right: migi)

hiji elbow

hijidori grip on elbow

hijikimeosae pinning technique, sometimes called rokkyo

hiki pull

hineri twist

hiragana Japanese phonetic writing, compare katakana

hito e mi making the body small, guard position with more of an angle than hanmi

hiza knee

ho method

ho direction, side

hombu head quarters

Hombu dojo head dojo, used for Aikido's head dojo in Tokyo


I

iaido the art of drawing the Japanese sword

iaito training sword, usually not sharpened

ichi one

ichiban first, best

iie no

iki will power

ikkajo older term for ikkyo

ikki one ki, bottoms up, toast

ikkyo first teaching, pinning technique

ikkyo undo exercise of the basic ikkyo movement

in Japanese for the Chinese concept yin, compare yo

ippon one point

ipponken strike with one knuckle

irimi in to the body, inwards

iriminage inward throw, throwing technique

Iwama Japanese town, where Osensei had a dojo and a home

Iwama ryu Saito sensei's aikido style


J

jiyuwaza free training

jo wooden staff, 127.5 centimeters

jo awase jo-staff exercises

jodan high, compare chudan and gedan

jodan kamae guard with weapon over head

jodan tsuki strike at head

jodanuke high block

jodo the way of the staff

jodori defense against jo-staff

jokyusha advanced student, with a higher kyu grade, compare chukyusha

ju ten

ju soft

judo the soft way, or the way to softness

jujigarami/jujinage cross throw

jujutsu the soft art

jumbitaiso warm-up exercises, also called aikitaiso

juntsuki strike with the same arm and leg forward, also called oitsuki, compare gyakutsuki

jutai soft body, smooth training, compare gotai, ryutai and kinagare

jutsu technique/art


K

kaeshi/gaeshi returning, reverse

kaeshitsuki reverse strike with jo-staff

kaeshiwaza counter techniques

kagami biraki Japanese New Year celebration, held January 11

kai club, association

kaiso founder

kaitennage rotation throw, throwing technique

kaitenosae rotation pinning technique

kakaedori embrace

kakarigeiko attackers in line, one after the other

kakudo angle

kamae/gamae guard position

kami divinity

kamiza honorary place in a dojo, compare shomen and shinzen

kampai cheers, toast

kan intuition

kangeiko mid-winter training

kanji ideograms, the Chinese writing

kanren linked, connected

kanrenwaza linked techniques, one technique followed by another, compare renzokuwaza

kansetsu joint (on body)

karatedo the way of the empty hand, or the way through the hand to emptiness

Kashima shintoryu traditional sword school

kata form, pre-decided movements

kata shoulder

katadori shoulder grip

katadori menuchi shoulder grip followed by shomenuchi

katakana Japanese phonetic writing, compare hiragana

katamewaza pinning techniques

katana the Japanese sword, also ken, to and tachi

katate one-hand technique

katatedori wrist-grip

katate ryotedori grip with both hands, also called morotedori

Katori shintoryu traditional sword school

keiko/geiko training

keikogi training dress, also dogi

ken sword, also katana, to and tachi

kendo Japanese fencing

ki spirit, life energy

kiai gathered ki, usually used for shout in budo

ki-aikido Tohei sensei's aikido style

kihon basics

kihonwaza basic training

kikai tanden the ocean of ki in the body's center

kime focusing

kimusubi tying one's ki to that of the partner

kinagare/ki no nagare streaming ki, flowing training, compare gotai, jutai and ryutai

Ki no kenkyukai Tohei sensei's aikido school, also Shinshin toitsu

kiri/giri cut

kirikaeshi turning cut, sword exercise

koan riddle in zen

kobudo older budo

kogeki attack

kogekiho attack techniques

kohai one's junior, compare sempai

Kojiki religious Japanese book from the 8th century

kokoro heart, will, mind, also pronounced shin

kokyu breathing

kokyuho breathing exercise, throwing technique

kokyunage breath throw

kokyu ryoku breath power

kosa cross over, pass

kosadori cross-over grip, same as aihanmi katatedori

koshi hip

koshinage hip throw

kote wrist

kotegaeshi reversed wrist, throwing technique

kotehineri twisted wrist, sankyo

kotemawashi turned wrist, nikyo

kotodama/kototama spirit of words, Japanese sound mystique and cosmology

ku nine

ku emptiness

kubi neck

kubishime neck choke

kuden oral tradition/teaching

kumi group, set

kumijo jo-staff exercises, jo against jo

kumitachi sword exercises, sword against sword

kumite empty handed fight

kumiuchi ancient Japanese wrestling in full armor

kuzushi break balance

kyo principle, learning

kyoshi title in kendo, 6-7 dan

kyu grade before blackbelt, compare dan

kyudo the way of the bow and arrow


L

(L not used in Japanese)


M

ma distance between training partners

ma-ai harmonious, balanced distance between training partners

mae front, forward, compare ushiro

maegeri straight kick

mae ukemi forward fall

makiwara target for hitting practice in karatedo

maru circle

mawashi revolving, turning

mawashigeri roundhouse kick

mawate turning

me eye

men head

michi way, also do

migi right (left: hidari)

misogi purification, cleansing

mochi hold/grip, also called dori

mochikata gripping attacks

mo ikkai do again

mokuso meditation, also called zazen

moro both

morotedori grip with both hands, also called katate ryotedori

mu nothing, empty

mushin empty mind

mudansha trainee without dan grade, compare yudansha

mune chest

munedori collar grip by the chest

musubi tie together

 


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سه شنبه 8 اسفند 1396 04:59 ب.ظ
من واقعا خوشحال هستم که این پست های وبلاگ را که شامل اطلاعات زیادی هستند را بخوانم، ممنون از ارائه چنین اطلاعاتی.
 
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