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هنر صلح - فرهنگ اصطلاحات آیکیدو - ادامه

The Art of Peace

فرهنگ اصطلاحات آیکیدو - ادامه

نویسنده :هاشم مرادمند
تاریخ:دوشنبه 16 اسفند 1395-08:42 ق.ظ

N

nagare flow, streaming

nage throw, also used for the one doing the aikido technique, compare tori

nagewaza throwing techniques

naginata Japanese halberd

nakaima here and now

nana seven, also pronounced shichi

nen the purity and unity of the mind

ni two

Nihon/Nippon Japan

Nihongi religious Japanese book from the 8th century

nikajo older name for nikyo

nikyo second teaching, pinning technique

nin person

ninindori two attackers, also called futaridori

ninja courier and spy in old Japan

Nippon/Nihon Japan

Nito ichiryu/Niten ichiryu School of Two Swords/Two Heavens, Musashi's sword school

noto return the sword to the scabbard

nuki draw the sword, also called batto

nukite strike with fingertips


O

o big, also dai

obi belt

ocha tea

oitsuki strike with same arm and foot forward, also called jontsuki

omote front, surface, compare ura

Omotokyo shintoistic society

onegai shimasu please, asking for something

osae press down, pinning

osensei great teacher, in aikido Morihei Ueshiba

otagai ni rei bow to each others

otoshi drop

oyowaza applied techniques, modified for efficiency


P

(P rarely used in Japanese)


Q

(Q not used in Japanese)


R

randori disorderly grabbing, free training

rei bow

reigi etiquette, also called reishiki

renshi title in kendo, 4-6 dan

renshu training

renzoku continuous

renzoku uchikomi jo-staff exercise

renzokuwaza consecutive techniques, a series of techniques

ritsurei standing bow

rokkyo sixth teaching, pinning technique, see hijikime osae

roku six

ryo both

ryotedori gripping both wrists

ryu school

ryutai flowing body, fluid training, compare gotai, jutai and kinagare


S

sabaki action/handling

sake rice wine

samurai to serve, Japanese warrior class

san three

sankajo older term for sankyo

sankaku triangle

sankakutai triangle shape, position of the feet in hanmi

sankyo third teaching, pinning technique

sannindori/sanningake three attackers

sanpo three directions

satori enlightenment in zen

saya scabbard

seika no itten, the one point below the navel, the body center, also called tanden

seiki life energy

seiza correct sitting, sit on knees

sempai one's senior, compare kohai

sen no sen before the attack, countering before the strike

sensei teacher

sensen no sen before before the attack, a leading initiative

seppuku cut belly, ritual suicide with sword, also called harakiri

shi four, also pronounced yon

shiai competition

shiatsu massage

shichi seven, also pronounced nana

shidoin instructor, middle title for aikido teacher, 4-5 dan, compare fukushidoin and shihan

shihan expert example, high title for aikido teacher, from 6 dan, compare fukushidoin and shidoin

shiho four directions

shihonage four directions throw, throwing technique

shikaku square

shikaku dead angle

shiki courage

shikko knee walking

shime choke

shin heart, will, mind, also pronounced kokoro

shinai kendo sword of bamboo

Shindo Musoryu jodo-school

shinken sharp authentic Japanese sword

Shinshin toitsu Tohei sensei's aikido school, Ki no kenkyukai

shinto the way of the gods, Japanese religion

shinzen seat of the gods, in a dojo usually a position on the wall farthest from the entrance, compare kamiza and shomen

shisei posture

shite the one leading, defender in aikido, also called tori or nage

shizentai natural body posture

sho first, beginning

shodan first dan grade

shodo calligraphy

Shodokan Tomiki sensei's aikido school

shomen front of the head

shomen head place of the dojo, compare shinzen and kamiza

shomen ni rei bow to head place of the dojo

shomenuchi cut or blow to head

shoshinsha beginner

shuto hand ridge strike

sode sleeve

sodedori sleeve grip

sodeguchidori grip on the cuff of the sleeve

soto outside, outer, compare uchi

sotodeshi student who lives outside the dojo, compare uchideshi

sotokaiten outer rotation, compare uchikaiten

sotouke block from outside, compare uchiuke

suburi basic exercises with sword or staff

suki opening

sumi corner

sumikiri sharpness of body and mind

sumimasen excuse me

sumo traditional Japanese wrestling

suri rub, scrape

sutemiwaza techniques with losing one's own balance

suwariwaza seated training, also called suwate

suwate seated training, also called suwariwaza


T

tachi sword, also to, ken and katana

tachi stand

tachidori defense against sword

tachiwaza training standing up

tai body

taijutsu body techniques, unarmed techniques

tai no henko body turn, also called tai no tenkan

tai no tenkan body turn, also called tai no henko

taisabaki body move, evasive movement in aikido

taiso exercises

takemusu improvised Martial art

takemusu aiki improvised Martial art through the principle of aiki

tameshi test

tameshigiri cutting test with sword

tameshiware hitting test in karatedo

tanbo short staff

tanden body center, compare seika no itten

taninzugake several attackers

tanren drill techniques

tanto/tanken knife

tantodori defense against knife

tao/dao Chinese for do

tatami mat

tate stand up

te hand

tegatana hand sword, hand ridge in swordlike movements

tekubi wrist

tekubiosae pinned wrist, yonkyo

tenchinage heaven-earth throw, throwing technique

tenkan turn

tettsui hammer strike

to sword, also ken, tachi and katana

tobigeri jump kick

tobikoshi fall over hip, break fall

tomauchi jo-staff technique

tori the one who takes, defender in aikido, also called nage and shite

torifune rowing exercise, also called funakogi undo

tsuba sword guard

tsugiashi following step, back foot following and not passing front foot

tsuka sword hilt

tsuki strike, with a weapon or empty hand


U

uchi hit

uchi inside, within, inner, compare soto

uchideshi student living in the dojo, compare sotodeshi

uchikaiten inner rotation, compare sotokaiten

uchikata striking and hitting attack forms

uchikomi hitting repeatedly

uchiuke block from inside, compare sotouke

ude arm

udekimenage arm lock throw

udenobashi extended arm, gokyo

udeosae pinned arm, ikkyo

uke the one receiving, attacker in aikido

uke block, parry

ukemi falling

undo exercise

ura backside, inside, reverse side, compare omote

uraken backhand strike

ushiro behind, backwards, compare mae

ushirogeri backward kick

ushiro kiriotoshi rear cutting drop, throwing technique

ushiro ukemi backward fall

ushirowaza attacks from behind


V

(V not used in Japanese)


W

waka sensei young teacher, used in aikido for successor of Doshu

waki side

wakizashi short sword

ware break, split

waza technique, skill, training method


X

(X not used in Japanese)


Y

yame stop

yang sunny side, heavenly, in Japanese yo, compare yin

yari spear

yawara old jujutsu

yin shady side, earthly, in Japanese in, compare yang

yo Japanese for yang

yoko side, sideways, horizontal

yokogeri side kick

yokogiri horisontal cut

yokomen side of the head

yokomenuchi strike to the side of the head

yoko ukemi side fall

yon four, also pronounced shi

yonkajo older term for yonkyo

yonkyo fourth teaching, pinning technique

Yoseikan Mochizuki sensei's aikido school

Yoshinkan Shioda sensei's aikido school

yudansha dan graded, compare mudansha


Z

za seated, sit

Zaidan Hojin Aikikai Aikikai Foundation

zanshin remaining spirit, continued concentration

zarei sitting bow

zazen sitting meditation, also called mokuso

zen a form of buddhism

zengo around, forward and back, front and rear

zori sandals


Numbers

1 ichi

2 ni

3 san

4 shi / yon

5 go

6 roku

7 shichi / nana

8 hachi

9 ku

10 ju

20 ni-ju

21 ni-ju-ichi

100 hyaku

1000 sen




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